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Correlational findings

Study Gump (1972): study US 1965

Public:
Female students college seniors, followed two months, Rochester, USA,1965-66
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 162
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire completed in class

Correlate

Authors's label
Sex-role attitude
Our Classification
Operationalization
24-item inventory indicative of a self- or other orientation. (revised Fand Inventory; see FAND 1955) Seven factors and two composite scores were derived.

1. Identity derived through traditional
   roles:
   Factor indicative of identity
   derived through the status conferred
   by marriage and children, rather
   than through own efforts
   (otherorientatation)

2. Woman's role is submissive:
   Factor indicative of a traditional,
   submissive sex-role attitude (other-
   orientation)

3. Need for individualistic achievement
   and satisfaction:
   Factor indicative of a need for per-
   sonal fulfillment and development
   (self-orientation)

4. Home orientated, duty to children
   stressed:
   Factor indicative of the belief that
   the 'good mother' remains at home to
   care for her children (other orien-
   tation)

5. Traditional role implies some relin-
   quishing of needs for personal ful-
   fillment:
   Factor indicative of a feeling of
   some inherent contradiction in ful-
   filling oneself as an individual and
   fulfilling oneself as a wife and
   mother (other-orientation)

6. Sense of autonomy and heightened in-
   dependence:
   Factor indicative of a concern with
   personal development and not with
   the approval of other people (self-
   orientation)

7. Family inadequate to completely ful-
   full needs:
   Factor indicative of a need of some-
   thing over and beyond a family to
   fulfull oneself (self-orientation)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a r = ns T1 Happiness by T2 traditional role A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a r = ns T2 Happiness by T2 traditional role A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a r = ns T1 Happiness by T2 submissive role A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a r = ns T2 Happiness by T2 submissive role A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a r = ns T1 Happiness by T2 need for individuality A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a r = ns T2 Happiness by T2 need for individuality A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a r = ns T1 Happiness by T2 home orientation A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a r = ns T2 Happiness by T2 home orientation A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a r = -.24 p < .05 T1 Happiness by T2 relinquishing A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a r = ns T2 Happiness by T2 relingquishing A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a r = ns T1 Happiness by T2 autonomy A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a r = ns T2 Happiness by T2 autonomy A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a r = ns T1 Happiness by T2 family inadequacy A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a r = ns T2 Happiness by T2 family inadequacy