Correlational findings

Study Noelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1973

16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1973
Survey name
DE-Allensbacher Survey
N = 1041
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Cheerful appearance
Our Classification
happiness measure type A-CA
Interviewer-rating of cheerful appearance on 8 aspects
A  The look is
     2)  open
     1)  evasive
     -   impossible to say
B  The corners of the mouth turn
     2)  up
     1)  down  
     -   impossible to say
C  The posture is
     2)  relaxed, at ease
     1)  rather tense
     -   impossible to say
D  The movements are
     2)  relaxed, at ease
     1)  limited, withdrawn
     -   impossible to say
E   The eyes are
     2)  big, open
     1)  small, screw up
     -   impossible to say
F   The elbows are kept
     2)  not close to the body
     1)  close to the body
     -   impossible to say
G   The lips are more
      2)  broad, full
      1)  thin, pent up
      -   impossible to say
H   All in all the subject looks
      2) quite cheerful
      1)  not very cheerful
      -   difficult to say

Scoring: sum of aspect ratings

Name: `Allensbacher Ausdruckstest'

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-a G = +.44 Males A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-a G = +.40 Females
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-a G = +.40 Age 45- A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-a G = +.39 Age 45+
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-a G = +.35 Good health A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-a G = +.36 Bad health

Data reported in NOELL 1978 table 12