print

Correlational findings

Study Noelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1973

Public:
16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1973
Survey name:
DE-Allensbacher Survey
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1041
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Laughing
Our Classification
Operationalization
Single direct question: When did you last really burst out laughing heartly?
3. yesterday
2. in the last two weeks
1. or is that sometimes ago

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-a G = +.30 p < .01 A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-a tb = +.20 p < .01