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Correlational findings

Study Levitt et al. (1986): study US 1984

Public:
Mothers of 13-months infants, Florida, U.S.A., 1984
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 43
Non Response:
20%
Assessment:
Niet gebruiken Questionnaire: paper and pencil
Mailed questionnaire and behavioral observation

Correlate

Authors's label
Emotional support
Our Classification
Operationalization
Kahn and Antonucci (1984) Network Questionnaire. Respondents are confronted with a diagram of three concentric circles with herself in the centre. She is asked to place (by initial) in the inner circle those individuals who are "so close that it is hardly to imagine to live without them","not quite so close but still very important" in the second circle
and "not quite as close but still important" in the third.
For the first ten persons listed mothers were asked to indicate those
-in whom she confides
-who reassure her
-who make her feel respected
-who would care for her if she were ill
-with whom she can talk if she is
upset, nervous or depressed.
Response-categories yes/no.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a r = -.13 ns Perceived emotional support from:
- Husband                    +.34  (05)
- Mother                     +.09  (ns)
- Father                     +.06  (ns)
- Siblings                   +.00  (ns)
- Other family members       +.02  (ns)
- Friends                    -.34  (05)
- Children                   -.10  (ns)
- Mother-in-law              +.07  (ns)
- Father-in-law              +.05  (ns)

Negative relationship with support from friends
due to greater friend-support in bad marriages.
rpc= >+.17
rpc controled for satisfaction with spouce.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a r = -.06 ns Perceived emotional support from:
- Husband                    +.35 (05)
- Mother                     +.04 (ns)
- Father                     +.08 (ns)  
- Siblings                   +.12 (ns)
- Other family members       -.15 (ns)
- Friends                    -.32 (05)
- Children                   +.15 (ns)
- Mother-in-law              -.02 (ns)
- Father-in-law              -.02 (ns)

Negative relationship with support from friends
due to greater friend-support in bad marriages.
rpc = >+.17  (ns)
rpc controled for satisfaction with spouce.