Correlational findings

Study Headey & Krause (1988): study XZ Germany West 1984

16+ aged, general public, West Germany, 1984-1985
N = 2718
Non Response:
Attrition sample A: 8%, sample B: 15%
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview


Authors's label
Change in satisfaction with health
Our Classification
Closed questions rated on an 11 point scale. Assessed at T1 and T2.
'Residual  changes scores' computed by by first regressing T2-scores on T1- scores :
- ^Satisfaction T2^= a + b * Sat. T1.
-  Residual change = Sat T2-^Sat T2^.
Residual change is in fact the deviation of an individuals satisfaction at T2 from the average T2- satisfaction of Ss who were equally satisfied at T1.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.30 Happiness assessed at T1 and T2.
Change in happiness measured by:
1 Residual change (like change in satisfaction)
2 Change in happiness expected at T1

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.25 ß controlled for satisfaction with income.

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta-L = +.29 ßL path coefficient in the LISREL model, also involving change in satisfaction with income, change in income, change in employment, change in health and age.
Change in health-satisfaction is related to change in health (ßL=-.42) , which in its turn is related to age ( ßL=+.55)