print

Correlational findings

Study Archer et al. (2008): study SE Göteborg 2002 /2

Public
Office workers, Göteborg, Sweden, 200?
Survey name
Unnamed study
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
Assessment
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)

Correlate

Authors's Label
Optimism
Our Classification
Remarks
Life Orientation Test LOT (Scheier & Carver 1982)
Operationalization
Selfreport on 12 questions

Selfreport on 10 questions
a. In uncertain times, I usually expect the best.
b. It's easy for me to relax.
c. If something can go wrong for me, it will. (R)
d. I'm always optimistic about my future.
e. I enjoy my friends a lot.
f. It's important for me to keep busy.
g. I hardly ever expect things to go my way. (R)
h. I don't get upset too easily.
i. I rarely count on good things happening to me. (R)
j. Overall, I expect more good things to happen to me than bad.
0: strongly disagree
;
4: strongly agree

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BW-cw-mq-v-5-b DM = + Affect balance        Optimism
4 high PA, low NA      28,34
3 High PA, high NA     24,50
2:Low PA, low NA       24,10
1:low PA, high NA      19,09
A-BW-cw-mq-v-5-b BMCT = 4 > 1; 2,3 > 1