Correlational findings

Study Schober & Stahl (2016): study DE 2007

Mothers with <6 aged children, Germany, followed 5 years 2007 - 2012
Survey name
DE-SOEP combined waves
N = 3203
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
County full day care rate
Our Classification
Data: Youth Welfare Office Daycare was expanded in West Germany in these years to the level that existed already in East Germany.
M = 20.93, SD = 20.61 (partnered mothers per weekday)
M = 31.20, SD = 23.33 (single mothers)
Related specification variables
% children in county in daycare for >7 hours per weekday

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b-fix = CHANGE happiness by CHANGE daycare in region O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b-fix = -.00 ns Partnered mothers in West Germany O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b-fix = +.01 p < .1 Partnered mothers in East Germany O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b-fix = -.00 ns Single mothers in West Germany O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b-fix = +.01 ns Single mothers in East Germany

Differences between single and partnered mothers are 0 both in East and in West Germany.

b-fix controlled for CHANGE in:
- employment status of mother
- care by relatives
- fathers self-reported childcare & housework hours
- mothers health status
- age youngest child
- county-level unemployment rates & public expenditures per capita
- moved between counties
- county border reform