Correlational findings

Study Odermatt & Stutzer (2014): study ZZ Europe 1990

15+ aged, 41 European countries and regions 1990-2011
Survey name
EU-Eurobarometer combined waves
N = 629930
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Smoking ban
Our Classification
Smoking bans are public policies particularly promoted by the WHO Framework Convention in Tobacco Control (FCTC). In response to the ati cation of the treaty, many countries introduced smoking bans in indoor workplaces, indoor public places, public transport and in bars and restaurants; i.e., the hospitality sector. The rst country in Europe that banned smoking comprehensively was Ireland in March 2004. In the meantime, almost all European countries know some sort of spatial smoking restriction. While in some countries and regions the introduction of the ban occurred on the same date, by spring 2011, there were a total of 30 di erent introduction dates for bans in the 40 countries and regions in our sample.
Range: 0-1; M = 0.200; SD = 0.31.
Related specification variables
Time since restriction on smoking in public places

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b DM = +/- Happiness in nation by time since introduction of smoking ban O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.00 ns b (+.002) controlled for
- Individual characteristics
  - age
  - age squared
  - gender
  - education
  - marital status
  - having children
  - occupation
- National characteristics
  - gdp per capita
  - unemployment rate
  - inflation rate

b unaffected by additional control for:
  - cigarette price
  - other tobacco policies
  - beer tax

Similar non-significant among smokers and non-smokers
Positive among smokers who want to quit