# Correlational findings

## Study Shoshani & Slone (2013): study IL 2009

Public
Midle school pupils, Israel, followed 1 year 2010?
Survey name
Unnamed study
Sample
Respondents
N = 417
Non Response
Assessment
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Participants were examined: - middle of seventh grade (Time 1) - middle of eighth grade (Time 2).

## Correlate

Authors's Label
Strengths of character
Our Classification
Error Estimates
a)alpha =.83 b)alpha =.81 c)alpha = .77; d)alpha = .78.
Remarks
The VIA Inventory of Strengths for Youth (Dahlsgaard 2005).
Distribution
a)M= 3.71 ; SD=0.53;
b)M= 3.48; SD=0,59;
c)M= 3.56; SD=0.68;
d)M= 3.60; SD=0.58.
Operationalization
Self-report on 127 questions (e.g.,
- "I am interested in all kinds of things" (curiosity)
-  "I think it is important to write or call people to say
thank you for gifts or nice things they have done for me" (gratitude)
that measures 24 different students' strengths of character pertaining to four scales:
a) temperance,
b) intellectual,
c) transcendence,
d) interpersonal strengths.

Rated on:
1- Not like me at all
...
5 - Very much like me.

## Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-f = + p < .01 Intellectual:
- Positive affect r = +.15(01)
- negative affect r = -.11(01)
Correlation with affect balance will be positive and significant.
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-f = - Positive affect b = +.11(ns)
- negative affect b = -.11(ns)
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-f = ? Interpersonal
- Positive affect r = -.04(ns)
- negative affect r = -.10(ns)
Correlation with affect balance is unsure.
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-f = + Temperance
- Positive affect r = +.21(01)
- negative affect r = -.32(01)
Correlation with affect balance will be positive and significant.
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-f = - Positive affect b = +.18(ns)
- negative affect b = -.34(ns)
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-f = + Transcendence
- Positive affect r = +.11(05)
- negative affect r = -.16(01)
Correlation with affect balance will be positive and significant.
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-f = - Positive affect b = +.11(ns)
- negative affect b = -.14(ns)