Happiness Measures


Affect: Balance (Watson et al PANAS) (A-BW)
Time frame:
last month, last few weeks (cm)
multiple questions (mq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:


Self report on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past two weeks?
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  ashamed
I  guilty
J  hostile
K  excited
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:  
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to J
Positive affect score (PAS): K to T
Affect Balance Score  (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past 2 weeks' version)

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Statistics McKnight-Hexdall & Huebner (2007): study US 2004 /1 Parents of oncology patients, USA, 2004-07 N = 29
= 1.600
Suldo et al. (2014): study US Florida 2008 10-12 aged, participants in wellness program, USA, followed 6 months, 2008 N = 55