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Correlational findings

Study Biyase & Naanwaab (2021): study ZA 2008

Public:
17+ aged general public South Africa, followed 9 years 2088-2016
Survey name:
SA-NIDS
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 28000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's Label
Income variables: Relative income
Our Classification
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Perceived same income as at age 15:
1 Yes
0 No

Perceived better income as at age 15:
1 Yes
0 No

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa b = +.11 p < .01 CURRENT happiness by Perceived to be the same as at age 15
- rural dwellers b = +.02(ns)
- urban dwellers b = +.19(01)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa b-fix = +.09 ns CHANGE happiness by Perceived to be the same as at age 15
- rural dwellers b = -.00(ns)
- urban dwellers b = +.17(01)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa b = +.14 ns CURRENT happiness by Perceived to be better off than at age 15
- rural dwellers b = +.18(ns)
- urban dwellers b = +.14(ns)

b controled for
- gender
- age
- ethinicity
- marital status
- employment
- household size
- household facilities
- religion
- crime
- trust
- income
- expected improvement
- perceived relative income
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa b-fix = +.16 p < .01 CHANGE happiness by Perceived to be better off than at age 15
- rural dwellers b-fix = +.21(ns)
- urban dwellers b-fix = +.16(ns)

b-fix additionally controled for
- happiness 2 years ago (to capture change)