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Correlational findings

Study Desousa et al. (2008): study GB Wales 2004

Public:
Secundary school children, Wales, UK, 2002
Survey name:
INT-HBSC 2005/2006
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 3882
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Pupils completed questionnaire during school lesson with guidance of trained field worker

Correlate

Authors's Label
Binge Drinking
Our Classification
Distribution
1: 41%, 2: 34%, 3: 25%
Operationalization
Self report of having had five or more alcoholic drinks on the same occasion during the last month
1: Never
2: rarely (not in past month or once)
3: frequently (two or more times)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-e DM = - p < .01 Binge drinking      Happiness               
- Never             M = 7.55  SD = 1.76
- Rarely            M = 7.14  SD = 1.81
- Frequently        M = 6.63  SD = 2.02

Weighted Mean = 7.18

Difference
- Never - frequent     -0.92      +0.26
- Rarely - frequent    -0.41      +0.21
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-e OR = 0.83 p < .01 OR CI95[0.81,0.84] controlled for:
-Sex
-Age
-Living with parents
-Family material wealth
-Home social environment
-Parental support

OR unaffected by additional control for
- school policy on alcohol use, as asssessed in a separate survey among headteachers in Wales
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-e OR = 0.83 p < .01 Multi-variate analysis for pupil and school level variables
OR 0.83 [CI95 0.82, 0.84] controlled for:
- Pupil characteristics
  -Sex
  -Age
  -Living with parents
  -Family material wealth
- School life
  -How do you feel about school
  -Frequency of bullying someone
  -Frequency of being bullied
  -Teacher support
  -Classmate support
  -Pressure of schoolwork