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Correlational findings

Study Duff & Ivlevs (2011): study ZZ World samples 1994

Public:
18+ aged, 85 developed and developing countries, 1994-2007
Survey name:
INT-World Values Survey, pooled waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 15000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Multiple assesment methods
interviews, face-to--face, CATI or CAPI

Correlate

Authors's Label
Attendance of religious services
Our Classification
Operationalization
4 at least once a week
3 at least once a months
2 less often than onece a month
1 never (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OPRC = +.15 p < .01 At least once a week   (vs never)
- low income countries           -.096 (05)
- lower middle income countries  +.129 (01)
- higher middle income countries +.333 (01)
- high income countries          +.140 (01)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OPRC = +.04 p < .10 At least once a month  (vs never)
- low income countries           -.234 (01)
- lower middle income countries  +.071 (10)
- higher middle income countries +.213 (10)
- high income countries          -.066 (ns)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a OPRC = +.02 ns Less than once a month (vs never)
- low income countries           -.131 (01)
- lower middle income countries  +.030 (ns)
- higher middle income countries +.083 (05)
- high income countries          +.009 (ns)

OPRCs controled for
- thinking about meaning of life
- importance of religion
- age
- gender
- marital status
- income band
- number of children
- social class
- time spent thinking about meaning in life
- employment status
- education