Correlational findings

Study Hanson & Spanier (1983): study US Pennsylvania 1977

Recently separated, Pennsylvania.USA, followed 2 years, 1977-79
N = 210
Non Response:
T1: 39 % , T2: 48 %
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview


Authors's label
Occupational status of spouce
Our Classification
T1: seven category classification
1. Unskilled workers
2. Semi-skilled workers
3. Skilled workers
4. Owners of little businesses, cleri-
   cal and sales workers, and techni-     cians
5. Administrative personnel of large
   concerns, owners of small indepen-
   dent businesses, and semi-profes-
6. Managers and proprietors of medium-
   sized businesses and lesser profes-
7. Executives and proprietors of large
   concerns and major professionals

T2:eleven category classification
1. Private household workers
2. Service workers except private         household
3. Farm laborers and farm foreman
4. Farmers and farm managers
5. Laborers, except farm
6. Operatives, except transport
7. Craftsmen and kindred workers
8. Clerical and kindred workers
9. Sales workers
10. Managers and administrators, except
11. Professional, technical and kindred

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a b = +/- ns Association with level of happiness:
- T1 status by T1 happiness: b = +  (ns)
- T2 status by T2 happiness: b = -  (ns)

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a b = - ns Association with change in happiness T1 - T2:
- T1 status by change happiness b = -  (ns)
- T2 status by change happiness b = -  (ns)

b's controlled for: age, sexe, education, work-
status, income, own occupational status, and family