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Correlational findings

Study Abolhassani & Alessie (2013): study DE 1994

Public:
50-70 aged, followed 15 years, Germany, 1994-2009
Survey name:
DE-SOEP combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 10275
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
T1:1994 T2:1999 T3:2004 T4:2009

Correlate

Authors's Label
employment status
Our Classification
Remarks
T1:1994; T2:1999; T3:2004; T4:2009
Operationalization
Selfreport of  employment status in last 7 months
2. Retired:  received pension  
    a. voluntary: no intention to work for pay.
    b. involuntary : intent to work for pay
1. Unemployed: receives unemployment benefit.
0. Working: receives salary (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DM = CURRENT happiness by CURRENT employment status
                              Difference
                              with workers
                M    SD       M     SD
ALL             6,9  1,8
Workers:        7.1, 1.7         
Retirees:
- voluntary    6.8  1.8      -0.3  +.17
- involuntary  6.3  1.9      -0.8  +.29
Unemployed:     5.7  1.9      -1.4  ++.28
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b-fix = - ns/s Retired    (vs working)
- voluntary             b-fix = -.06(ns)
- involuntary           b-fix = -.30(01)

Unemployed (vs working) b-fix = -.79(01)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b-fix = - ns/s CURRENT employment status by LATER happiness (5 years)

Retired    (vs working)
- voluntary             b-fix = -.11(05)
- involuntary           b-fix = -.13(ns)

Unemployed (vs working) b-fix = -.42(01)


b controlled for:
Demographic
- gender
- age
- region
- education
- marital status
Household status
- income
- number of children
- number of adult
Health staus
- doctor visits
- hospital stays
- degree disability