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Correlational findings

Study Sulemana et al. (2016): study ZZ 2005

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 13 nations, 2005-2009
Survey name:
INT-WorldValuesSurvey 5
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 23000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
City size
Our Classification
Related specification variables
Operationalization
1 rural (reference)
2 Urban
3 Mid- size

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = 0/- Urban   (vs rural
- African Countries   b = 0(ns)
- Developed Countries b = -.10(001)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = - Mid-size (vs rural)
- African Countries   b = -.18(001)
- Developed Countries b = -.03(ns)

b controlled for:
- Personal characteristics
  - Age, age squared
  - Gender
  - Education
  - Health status
  - Marital status
  - Employment status
  - Social Capital
  - Income
  - Satisfaction with finances
  - Children
  - Control over life
  - Religiosity
- Environmental characteristics
  - Local conditions
    - quality of water
    - quality of air
    - quality of sewage and sanitation
  -Country dummies