Correlational findings

Study Cameron et al. (2015): study NZ 2008

65-79 aged general public, New Zealand, 2008 - 2012
Survey name:
N = 4224
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Mental health (MCS)
Our Classification
MCS subscale of Ware, (2007) SF 12 Standard M =50, SD =10
PCS: M=44.26, SD=12.21
Related specification variables
Selfreport on 6 questions:
During the past 4 weeks, have you had any of the following problems with your work or other regular daily activities as a result of any emotional problems (such as feeling depressed or anxious)?'
a: Accomplished less than you would like?
b; Didn't do work or other activities as carefully as usual?
1: Yes
0: No

During the past 4 weeks, give the one answer that comes closest to the way you have been feeling.
c: Have you felt calm and peaceful?
d: Did you have a lot of energy?
e: Have you felt downhearted and blue?
6: All of the time
5: Most of the time
4: A good bit of the time
3: Some of the time
2: A little of the time
1: None of the time

During the past 4 weeks, how much of the time has your physical health or emotional problems interfered with your social activities (like visiting with friends, relatives, etc.)?'
5: All of the time
4: Most of the time
1: None of the time

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nd b(2SLS = +.01 p < .01 b (+.014) controled for:
- working status
- gender
- education
- partnered
- physical health
- age
- local average social status
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nd b-iv = +.02 p < .01 - post-secondary education      b-iv = +.019 (01)
- no  post-secondary educatioin b-iv = +.014 (01)

Instrumental variables used
- gender
- regional sex specific employment rate
- regional prime age internal migration rate

b-iv controled for
- working status
- partnered
- education
- physical health
- age
- local average social status