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Correlational findings

Study Cameron et al. (2015): study NZ 2008

Public:
65-79 aged general public, New Zealand, 2008 - 2012
Survey name:
NZ-GSS1
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 4224
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Working status
Our Classification
Remarks
Full-time work defined as working thirty hours or more a week.
Distribution
(a) 12% working full time
(b) 11% working part-time
(c) 77% not working
Related specification variables
Operationalization
selfreport  their  status by working hours
(a) full-time work
(b) part-time
(c) unemployed

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nd DM = +/- Full-time work          M = 2,32
- 41.0% very satisfied
- 50.5% satisfied
- 8.5% not satisfied
Part-time work          M = 2,38
- 45.8% very satisfied
- 47.3% satisfied
- 6.9% not satisfied
Unemployed              M = 2,29
- 37.6% very satisfied
- 52.3% satisfied
- 9.1% not satisfied

Mean happiness computed from scale reduced to range 1-3
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nd b(2SLS = +.34 ns Working full time  (vs not working) O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nd b(2SLS = -.35 ns Working part-time  (vs not working)

b controls for
- gender
- education
- partnered
- age
- physical health
- mental health
- Local averege socio-economic status
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nd b-iv = -.80 p < .01 Working full time  (vs not working)
- post-secondary education      b-iv = -.85(05)
- no  post-secondary educatioin b-iv = -.65(01)
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-nd b-iv = -.00 ns Working part time  (vs not working)
- post-secondary education      b-iv = +.51(ns)
- no  post-secondary educatioin b-iv = -.23(ns)

Instrumental variables used
- gender
- regional sex specific employment rate
- regional prime age internal migration rate

b-iv controled for
- education
- partnered
- physical health
- mental health
- age
- local average social status