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Correlational findings

Study Beaman (2010): study CA 2005

Public:
Recent retirees, Canada, followed 1 year, 200/-200/
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 327
Non Response:
T1:26,8%, T2:12,8%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
completed questionnaires at Concordia University T2: 12 months after T1

Correlate

Authors's Label
Perceived social support
Our Classification
Error Estimates
T1: internal consistency availability of support alpha=.93 satisfaction with support alpha=.95 Internal reliability:satisfaction with support T1 = .94, T2 = .94
Remarks
(Sarason, Levine, Basham, & Sarason, 1983) T2: 12 months later after T1
Distribution
Study 1:
Perceived availability of support
M=3.71, SD=1.7
satisfaction with support
M=5.12, SD=0.85

Study 2
T1 satisfaction with support :
M=5.13, SD=0.78
T2 satisfaction with support
M=5.10, SD=0.90
Operationalization
10-question version of the Social Support Questionnaire, assesses two aspects of perceived support,
A perceived availability of support
B satisfaction with the availability support
across different domains including instrumental, emotional, and informational support
 
Participants list the initials and their relationship for a maximum of 9 people in their social network that they felt they could "count on" to provide support (e.g., Whom can you really count on to listen to you when you need to talk?),
 
6 very satisfied
5
4
3
2
1 very dissatisfied

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-e Beta = + s T1 happiness by T1 perceived availability of support

PA: Beta= +.24 (01)
NA: Beta= -.14 (05)
Correlation with ABS not reported, but must be positive and significant

Beta controlled for:
- age
- health
- finances
- duration retired
- gender
- emotional awareness
- positive interactions
- negative interactions
- perceived satisfaction with support

No direct or indirect effect in Fig.2
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-e Beta = + s T1 happiness by T! satisfaction with availability of support

PA: Beta= +.12 (05)
NA: Beta= -.24 (01)
 
Correlation with ABS not reported, but must be positive and significant

Beta controlled for:
- age
- health
- finances
- duration retired
- gender
- emotional awareness
- positive interactions
- negative interactions
- perceived availability with support

Total effect in Fig.2
PA: no direct or indirect effect
NA: -.14
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-e Beta = + s T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1 perceived support satisfaction
 
PA: Beta= +.16 (01)
NA: Beta= -.07 (ns)
Correlation with ABS not reported, but must be positive and significant

Beta with T2 happiness controlled for
- T1 happiness (to capture change)
- health
- finances
- duration retired
- gender
- emotional awareness
- T1 positive interactions
- T2 positive interactions
- T1 negative interactions
- T2 negative interactions
- T2 perceived satisfaction with support

No direct or indirect effect to PANAS in Fig2
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-e Beta = + ns T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T2 perceived support satisfaction
 
PA: Beta= +.22 (01)
NA: Beta= -.07 (ns)

Correlation with ABS not reported, but must be positive and significant

Beta with T2 happiness controlled for
- T1 happiness (to capture change)
- health
- finances
- duration retired
- gender
- emotional awareness
- T1 positive interactions
- T2 positive interactions
- T1 negative interactions
- T2 negative interactions
- T1 perceived satisfaction with support


No direct or indirect effect to PANAS in Fig2