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Correlational findings

Study Stull (1988): study US 1975

Public:
58-63 aged married, followed 2 years, USA, 1975-1979
Survey name:
US-CPS multiple waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 300
Non Response:
50.9%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
T1: pre-retirment in 1975 or 1977 T2: post-retirement in 1977 or 1999

Correlate

Authors's Label
Contacts with siblings
Our Classification
Remarks
T1: pre-retirment in 1975 or 1977 T2: post-retirement in 1977 or 1999
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How often the respondent sees or telephones to their siblings?

5: daily
4: weekly
3: monthly
2: less than monthly
1: not at all

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-a Beta = +/- ns T1 happiness by T1 daily contacts (pre-etirement)
- Husbands Beta = -.01(ns)
- Wives    Beta = -.10(ns)

T1 happiness by T1 weekly contacts
- Husbands Beta = +.07(ns)
- Wives    Beta = -.05(ns)

T1 happiness by T1 monthly contacts
- Husbands Beta = -.11(ns)
- Wives    Beta = -.01(ns)

T1 happiness by T1 contacts less than monthly
- Husbands Beta = -.03(ns)
- Wives    Beta = +.01(ns)

T1 happiness by T1 not contacts at all
- Husbands Beta = -.11(ns)
- Wives    Beta = -.10(ns)

Beta controled for T1:
- husband's occupation
- wives employment
- household income
- own health
- spouse health
- spouse happiness
- joint leisure activities
- contacts with relatives
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-a Beta = +/- T2 happiness by T2 daily contacts (post-etirement)
- Husbands Beta = -.03(ns)
- Wives    Beta = +.09(ns)

T2 happiness by T2 weekly contacts
- Husbands Beta = +.09(ns)
- Wives    Beta = -.06(ns)

T2 happiness by T2 monthly contacts
- Husbands Beta = -.05 (ns)
- Wives    Beta = -.17 (p<.05)

T2 happiness by T2 contacts less than monthly
- Husbands Beta = +.13 (p<.05)
- Wives    Beta = -.09 (ns)

T2 happiness by T2 not contacts at all
- Husbands Beta = -.03(ns)
- Wives    Beta = -.01(ns)


Betas controled for T2:
- household income
- wives employment
- own health
- spouse health
- spouse happiness
- joint leisure activities
- contacts with relatives
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-a Beta = +/- T1-T2 CHANGE of happiness by T2 daily contacts
- Husbands Beta = -.01(ns)
- Wives    Beta = +.10(ns)

T1-T2 CHANGE of happiness by T2 weekly contacts
- Husbands Beta = +.03(ns)
- Wives    Beta = -.06(ns)

T1-T2 CHANGE of happiness by T2 monthly contacts
- Husbands Beta = -.05 (ns)
- Wives    Beta = -.17 (p<.05)

T1-T2 CHANGE of happiness by T2 contacts less than monthly
- Husbands Beta = +.12 (p<.05)
- Wives    Beta = -.08 (ns)

T1-T2 CHANGE of happiness by T2 not contacts at all
- Husbands Beta = -.03(ns)
- Wives    Beta = -.01(ns)


Betas controled for T2:
- household income
- wives employment
- own health
- spouse health
- spouse happiness
- joint leisure activities
- contacts with relatives