Correlational findings

Study Hatch & Stull (1986): study US 1969

58-63 aged married, followed 6 years, USA, 1969-1975
Survey name:
US-CPS multiple waves
N = 11153
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Contacts with relatives
Our Classification
number of children respondent sees or telephones daily, weekly and monthly are dropped from the analysis at T2 due to little explained variance.
Related specification variables
Selfreport on two questions
A. How often the respondent talks to relatives on the telephone?
B. How often the respondent gets together with relatives.
3: daily
2: weekly
1: monthly

categorized into:
a. number of relatives see or telephone daily
b. number of relatives see or telephone weekly
c. number of relatives see or telephone monthly
d. visit relatives
e. talk to relatives

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa Beta = -.05 ns T1 happiness (pre-retirement) by
- T1 weekly contact with relatives
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa Beta = -.03 ns - T1 monthly contacts with relatives

Betas controled for:
- T1 income
- T1-T2 change in marital status (vs not)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa Beta = -.02 ns T2 happiness (post-retirement) by
- T2 visit relatives
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa Beta = .06 ns - T2 talk to relatives

Betas controled for:
- T2 income
- T1-T2 change in marital status (vs not)

Betas unaffected by additional control for interaction of change in marital status with contacts relatives