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Correlational findings

Study Andrews & Withey (1976): study US 1972 /2

Public:
18+ aged, general public, USA, Nov 1972
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1072
Non Response:
38%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
using highly structured questionnaires

Correlate

Authors's label
Affect Balance
Our Classification
  • HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES Overall happiness Overall Happiness and Hedonic Affect-level O-HL by A-AB
  • HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES Overall happiness Overall Happiness and Hedonic Affect-level O-SL by A-AB
  • HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES Overall happiness Overall Happiness and Hedonic Affect-level O-DT by A-AB
  • HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES Overall happiness Overall Happiness and Hedonic Affect-level O-further by A-AB
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
 During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
 A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
 B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
 C   Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done?
 D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
 E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
 F   Bored?
 G   On top of the world?
 H   Depressed or very unhappy?
 I    That things were going your way?
 J    Upset because someone criticized you?
 
 Answer options and scoring:
  yes = 1
  no  = 0
 Summation:
 -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
 -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
 -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
 Possible range: -5 to +5
 
 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa r = +.50 Index of positive affects: r=+.39
 Index of negative affects: r=-.31
O-HV-u-sq-v-7-b r = +.47 Index of positive affects: r=+.36
 Index of negative affects: r=-.30
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a r = +.43 Index of positive affects: r=+.30
 Index of negative affects: r=-.31
O-SLL-c-sq-v-3-a r = +.41 Index of positive affects: r=+.26
 Index of negative affects: r=-.31
M-FH-u-sq-t-101-a r = +.32 Index of positive affects: r=+.25
 Index of negative affects: r=-.20
O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a mr = +.45