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Correlational findings

Study Blanchflower et al. (2013a): study ZZ EU28 1975

Public:
+18 aged, general public, 31European countries, 1975-2013
Survey name:
EU-Eurobarometer combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 3100
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Unemployment rate
Our Classification
Remarks
Per years in each nation 1975-2006 Data Eurostat
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Unemployment rate nation

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = -,02 s CURRENT happiness by CURRENT unemployment rate in nation            b = -.0168(s)

Similar negative across
- regions (though less so in Easter Europe)
- periods (1975-2005; 2006-2013)
- males and females
More negative in older age groups

Total effect of unemployment rate in nation (all citizens + unemployed) estimated -.0208

Unemployment hurted more than inflation in the nations/years
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = -.00 ns CURRENT happiness by EARLIER unemployment rate in nation
- 1 year earlier  b = -.0004(ns)
- 2 years earlier b = -.0048(ns)
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = -.00 CURRENT happiness by LATER unemployment rate in nation
-1 year later     b = -.0063(ns)

b coefficients controled for:
-Personal characteristics
-Gender
-Marital status
-Age
-Home-maker
-Retired
-Being a student
-Country dummies
-Year dummies