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Correlational findings

Study Esaiasson et al. (2019): study ZZ Europe 2002

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 29 European nations 2002-2014
Survey name:
EU-ESS 1-6: 2002-2014
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 289248
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Satisfaction with Democracy
Our Classification
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question (text not reported)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cd b = +.25 p < .001 b controlled for
- personal chracteristics:
  - general trust
  - religiousness
  - gender
  - age
  - education
- country fixed effects.
- ESS rounds fixed effects
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cd b = +.10 p < .001 b additionnaly controlled for
- personal characteristics
  - perceived system performance (index)

Stronger among the least religious

Happiness used as an independent variable (predictor) in this cross-sectional analysis.