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Correlational findings

Study Gruber & Mullainathan (2006): study CA 1985

Public:
+15 aged, general public, Canada, 1985-1998
Survey name:
CN-GSS pooled waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 100663
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Foreign born
Our Classification
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Born in Canada  (vs not)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-4-j b = +/+                          Happiness (dummies)
                       very   somewhat  unhappy

Born in Canada          +.03    -.02      -.01

b controlled for
- Personal characteristics
   - Marital status
   - Education
   - Household income quartile
   - Personal income quartile
   - Household size
   - Unemployment rate
   - Church attendance
   - Housing type
   - Dwelling ownership
   - Spoken language
   - Age*sex
- Contextual characteristics
  - cigarette tax rate
  - year dummies

Unaffected by propensity to smoke