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Correlational findings

Study Gruber & Mullainathan (2006): study CA 1985

Public:
+15 aged, general public, Canada, 1985-1998
Survey name:
CN-GSS pooled waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 100663
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Church attendance
Our Classification
Remarks
Dummies (1 = yes)
Distribution
1:24%, 2: 12%, 3: 27%
Related specification variables
Operationalization
3: Attend church weekly
2: Attend church monthly
1: Attend church annualy or less

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-4-j b = +/+                          Happiness (dummies)
                       very   somewhat  unhappy

Attend church weekly   +.15    -.03      -.01
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-j b = +/+ Attend church monthly  +.09    -.01      -.01 O-HL-c-sq-v-4-j b = +/+ Attend church annualy   +.04    +.00      -.01
or less

b controlled for
- Personal characteristics
  - Marital status
  - Education
  - Household income quartile
  - Personal income quartile
  - Household size
  - Unemployment rate
  - Foreign born
  - Housing type
  - Dwelling ownership
  - Spoken language
  - Age*sex
- Contextual characteristics
  - cigarette tax rate
  - year dummies

Unaffected by propensity to smoke