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Correlational findings

Study Gruber & Mullainathan (2006): study CA 1985

Public:
+15 aged, general public, Canada, 1985-1998
Survey name:
CN-GSS pooled waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 100663
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Education
Our Classification
Distribution
1:37%, 2: 15%. 3: 15%, 4: 30%
Related specification variables
Operationalization
1: High school dropout (vs not)
2: High school graduate (vs not)
3: Some college (vs not)
4: College graduate (vs not)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-4-j b = +/-                       Happiness (dummies)
                    very   somewhat  unhappy

High school dropout +.14    +.14      +.02
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-j b = +/- High school graduate +.19    +.12      +.01 O-HL-c-sq-v-4-j b = +/- Some college         +.21    +.12      +.02 O-HL-c-sq-v-4-j b = +/- College graduate      +.22    +.14      +.02

b controlled for
-Personal characteristics
   - Marital status
   - Household Income Quartile
   - Personal Income Quartile
   - Household size
   - Unemployment rate
   - Church attendance
   - Foreign born
   - Housing type
   - Dwelling ownership
   - Spoken language
   - Age*sex

- Contextual characteristics
  - cigarette tax rate
  - year dummies

Unaffected by propensity to smoke