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Correlational findings

Study Gruber & Mullainathan (2006): study CA 1985

Public:
+15 aged, general public, Canada, 1985-1998
Survey name:
CN-GSS pooled waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 100663
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Cigarette tax rate
Our Classification
Remarks
Tax rates taken from Gruber, Sen and Stabile (2002). Canadian tax rate higher and more variable than in USA
Distribution
Mean tax on pack of cigarettes $1
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Raise of cigarette tax in Canada

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-4-j b-fix = +/- Happiness in year by cigarette tax in year

      very happy  somewhat happy  unhappy

All     +.00          +.01          +.00

Interaction propensity to smoke * tax raise
        +.07          -.06          -.05

Raise of tobacco tax reduced unhappiness among people apt to smoke. It also reduces being somewhat happy and increases being very happy among people with a high propensity to smoke.
   
b-fix controlled for
-Personal characteristics
   - Marital status
   - Education
   - Household Income Quartile
   - Personal Income Quartile
   - Household size
   - Unemployment rate
   - Church attendance
   - Foreign born
   - Resident type
   - Home ownership
   - Spoken language

Propensity to smoke was estimated on the basis of correlates of smoking.