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Correlational findings

Study Gruber & Mullainathan (2006): study CA 1985

Public:
+15 aged, general public, Canada, 1985-1998
Survey name:
CN-GSS pooled waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 100663
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Cigarette tax rate
Our Classification
Remarks
Tax rates taken from Gruber, Sen and Stabile (2002). Canadian tax rate higher and more variable than in USA
Distribution
Mean tax on pack of cigarettes $1
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Raise of cigarette tax in Canada

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-4-j b-fix = +/- ns Happiness in year by cigarette tax in year

                        additional control for
                        propensity to smoke
- very happy     +.02   +.00
- somewhat happy +.00   +.00
- unhappy        -.01   +.01

b-fix controled for
- individual characteristics
  - marital status
  - education
  - family income
  - employment
  - church participation
  - home ownership
  - household size
- environmental conditions
  - state
  - year

all b values insignificant

Higher tobacco tax reduced unhappiness a bit among people with high propensity to smoke