Correlational findings

Study Cheung (2018): study DE 1984

18+ aged, general public, Germany followed 30 years 1984 - 2013
Survey name
DE-SOEP 1992-2012
N = 4484400
Non Response
183108 observations excluded because of incomplete data.
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Income Redistribution (in region)
Our Classification
M = 0,18; SD = 0,04; Income inequality in average German state was reduced with 18%. Between 1984 and 2013.
Related specification variables
Income Redistribution: (Market Gini minus Net Gini) as a % of Market Gini. (Reduction of income-inequality; higher values indicate more redistribution)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d r = -.04 p < .001 LEVEL of individual happiness by income redistribution in the region where one lives. O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = +.39 ns O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = +.67 p < .001 CHANGE individual happiness by CHANGE to more redistribution in income in the region where one lives (= reduction of inequality)

b coefficients  controled for:
- Individual characteristics:
  - gender
  - age
  - years of education
  - married
  - number of adults in household
  - number of children in household
  - years of participation in this panel study
- Regional characteristics  (16 states)
  - Average disposable household income
  - Income redistribution

Similar b's when additionally controlled for tax and transfers
Same correlation for people who pay more or less tax than they receive as welfare.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d = Not more positive among individuals who's income increased than among those who's income decreased O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d = Positive effect stronger in (former) East Germany than in West Germany O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DM = + Not more positive among receipents than among taxpayers O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DM = + O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DM = + O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DM = +