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Correlational findings

Study Cheung (2018): study DE 1984

Public:
18+ aged, general public, Germany followed 30 years 1984 - 2013
Survey name:
DE-SOEP 1992-2012
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 4484400
Non Response:
183108 observations excluded because of incomplete data.
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Income Redistribution (in region)
Our Classification
Operationalization
Income Redistribution: (Market Gini minus Net Gini) as a % of Market Gini. (Reduction of income-inequality; higher values indicate more redistribution)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d r = -.04 p < .001 Individual happiness by income redistribution in the region where one lives.

No controls, all waves,all 16 states.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = +.39 ns b controled for:
- Individual characteristics:
  - gender
  - age
  - years of education
  - married
  - number of adults in household
  - number of children in household
  - years of participation in this panel study
- Regional characteristics  (16 states)
  - Average disposable household income
  - Income inequality
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = +.67 p < .001 CHANGE in individual happiness by more redistribution in income in the region where one lives (= reduction of inequality)
b controled for:
- Individual characteristics:
  - gender
  - age
  - years of education
  - married
  - number of adults in household
  - number of children in household
  - years of participation in this panel study
- Regional characteristics  (16 states)
  - Average disposable household income
  - Income Redistribution

More redistribution more happiness.
Similar b's if additionally controlled for tax and transfers; same correlation for people who pay more or less tax than they receive as welfare.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d = Not more positive among receipents than among taxpayers O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d = Not more positive among individuals who's income increased than among those who's income decreased O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d = Positive effect stronger in (former) East Germany than in West Germany