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Correlational findings

Study Cheung (2018): study DE 1984

Public:
18+ aged, general public, Germany followed 30 years 1984 - 2013
Survey name:
DE-SOEP 1992-2012
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 4484400
Non Response:
183108 observations excluded because of incomplete data.
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Net Gini (regional income inequalityafter Taxation and Transfers)
Our Classification
Distribution
not reported
Operationalization
Gini is between 0 and 1; a higher Gini implies more inequality. Net Gini is about inequality in disposable income after taxation and transfers.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d r = +.14 p < .001 Individual happiness by state-specific inequality in disposable income.

No controls, all waves,all 16 states.

More inequality more happiness.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = +1,4 p < .01 b controled for:
- Individual characteristics:
  - gender
  - age
  - years of education
  - married
  - number of adults in household
  - number of children in household
  - years of participation in this panel study
- Regional characteristics  (16 states)
  - Average disposable household income
  - Income Redistribution
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d b = -.45 p < .01 CHANGE in individual Happiness by CHANGE in inequality in disposable household income in the region where one lives

b controled for:
- Individual characteristics:
  - gender
  - age
  - years of education
  - married
  - number of adults in household
  - number of children in household
  - years of participation in this panel study
- Regional characteristics  (16 states)
  - Average disposable household income
  - Income RedistributionSimilar b's if additionally controlled for tax and transfers; same correlation for people who pay more or less tax than they receive as welfare.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d =