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Correlational findings

Study Muffels et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2008

Public:
18+ aged general public, 47 countries, 2008
Survey name:
EU-EVS
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 67216
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Human Development (HDI)
Our Classification
Distribution
0.79
Operationalization
Human Development Index, which is constructed by the World Bank and in which three dimensions are represented:
a:  life expectancy at birth
b: mean years of school attendance and the expected years of schooling
c: gross national income at constant prices (GDP).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OPRC = +.52 p < .01 INDIVIDUAL happiness by modernity of one's country

OPRCs controlled for (model 14):
- Personal characteristics
  - age, age squared, age cubed
  - employment status
  - bad health
  - gender
  - number of children
  - death of a child event
  - religion
  - education
  - church attendence
  - social participation
- Nation characteristics
  - unemployment rate
  - GDP annual growth rate
  - value climate
    - social values
    - modernization values
  - income inequality (GINI)
- cross level interactions
  - micro social values* macro modernity (HDI)
  - micro modernization values* macromodernity (HDI)
  - micri social values* macroincome inequality (GINI)
  - micro modernization values* m,acro income inequality GINI