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Correlational findings

Study Muffels et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2008

Public:
18+ aged general public, 47 countries, 2008
Survey name:
EU-EVS
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 67216
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Education
Our Classification
Remarks
The observed value is from a 0 or 1 question
Distribution
low:.29%, medium46%,  high: .23%
Operationalization
Level of of education
3: high
2: medium
1: low

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OPRC = +.14 p < .01 INDIVIDUAL happiness byINDIVIDUAL education

a. medium level  (vs low)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OPRC = +.25 p < .01 b. high level    (vs low)

OPRC controlled for :
- Personal characteristics
  - age, age squared, age cubed
  - gender
  - marital status
  - employmnet status
  - bad health
- Nation characteristics
  - GDP growth
  - unemployment rate
  - opinion climate
    - importance family and children
    - importance of friends
    - altruism
    - trust in people and institutions
    - importance friends
    - post-materialism: pure, mixed
    - leisure values
    - work orientation: intrinsic, extrinsic
    - work values (work ethos, work first)
    - religious values
    - traditional gender values