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Correlational findings

Study Muffels et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2008

Public:
18+ aged general public, 47 countries, 2008
Survey name:
EU-EVS
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 67216
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Index traditional gender values
Our Classification
Remarks
Although more gender role specific questions were included in the EVS, principal factor analysis showed that these three items together formed the most consistent scale.
Operationalization
Endersement of statements
a: having a job is the best way for a woman to be an independent person
b: both the husband and wife should contribute to household income
c: men should take as much responsibility as women for the home and children
Tated
1 disagree
0 agree

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OPRC = -.07 p < .05 INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL traditional gender values

OPRC controlled for :
- Personal characteristics
  - age, age squared, age cubed
  - gender
  - marital status
  - employmnet status
  - bad health
- Nation characteristics
  - GDP growth
  - unemployment rate
  - opinion climate
    - importance family and children
    - importance of friends
    - altruism
    - trust in people and institutions
    - importance friends
    - post-materialism: pure, mixed
    - leisure values
    - work orientation: intrinsic, extrinsic
    - work values (work ethos, work first)
    - religious values