Correlational findings

Study Muffels et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2008

18+ aged general public, 47 countries, 2008
Survey name
N = 67216
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Index religious values
Our Classification
Selfreport on questions about
a:  importance of religion for one’s life
b: whether one believes in God
c:  whether one prays to God
d:  respondent’s spiritual beliefs including believe in a personal God.
e: agreement with the statement that politicians who don’t believe in God are not fit to do their job.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OPRC = +.04 p < .05 ONDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL religious values

OPRC controlled for :
- Personal characteristics
  - age, age squared, age cubed
  - gender
  - marital status
  - employmnet status
  - bad health
- Nation characteristics
  - GDP growth
  - unemployment rate
  - opinion climate
    - importance family and children
    - importance of friends
    - altruism
    - trust in people and institutions
    - importance friends
    - post-materialism: pure, mixed
    - leisure values
    - work orientation: intrinsic, extrinsic
    - work values (work ethos, work first)
    - traditional gender values