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Correlational findings

Study Muffels et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2008

Public:
18+ aged general public, 47 countries, 2008
Survey name:
EU-EVS
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 67216
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Index leisure values
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on 5 questions on the importance of
a:  leisure in general
b:  importance of ‘meeting nice people
c: relaxing
d doing as I want
e:learning something new

All rated same four point scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OPRC = +.13 p < .05 INDIVISUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL Leisure values

OPRC controlled for :
- Personal characteristics
  - age, age squared, age cubed
  - gender
  - marital status
  - employmnet status
  - bad health
- Nation characteristics
  - GDP growth
  - unemployment rate
  - attitude climate
    - belief in altruism
    - importance family and children
    - trust in peole/institutions
    - importance of friends
    - post-materialistic values: pure, mixed
    - work orientation: intrinsic, extrinsic
    - work values (work ethos, work first)
    - religious values
    - traditional gender values