Correlational findings

Study Muffels et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2008

18+ aged general public, 47 countries, 2008
Survey name
N = 67216
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Post- materialism
Our Classification
The topics of maintaining order and fighting prices are assumed to represent materialistic values, whereas giving people more say and protecting freedom of speech are considered to represent post-materialistic values. Hence, three groups are constructed: a group of ‘pure materialists’, a ‘mixed group’ having materialist and post-materialist values and a third group of ‘pure post-materialists’.
M = 0.10
Inglehart's four point post-materialism scale is used:
Respondents are asked to list their first and second choice out of four topics related to
the importance for
a:  the country of ‘maintaining order in the nation
b: giving people more say in important government decisions
c: fighting rising prices
d: protecting freedom of speech

1: yes
2: no

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OPRC = +.19 p < .05 INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL Pure Post-materialist values (vs materialist) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OLRC = +.09 p < .05 INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL Mixed Post-materialist values (vs materialist)

OPRCs controlled for :
- Personal characteristics
  - age, age squared, age cubed
  - gender
  - marital status
  - employmnet status
  - bad health
- Nation characteristics
  - GDP growth
  - unemployment rate
  - opinion climate
    - importance family and children
    - importance of friends
    - altruism
    - trust in people and institutions
    - importance friends
    - leisure values
    - work orientation: intrinsic, extrinsic
    - work values (work ethos, work first)
    - religious values
    - traditional gender values