Correlational findings

Study Muffels et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2008

18+ aged general public, 47 countries, 2008
Survey name:
N = 67216
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Post- materialism
Our Classification
Inglehart's four point post-materialism scale is used:
Respondents are asked to list their first and second choice out of four topics related to
the importance for
a:  the country of ‘maintaining order in the nation
b: giving people more say in important government decisions
c: fighting rising prices
d: protecting freedom of speech

1: yes
2: no

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OPRC = +.19 p < .05 INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL Pure Post-materialist values (vs materialist) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OLRC = +.09 p < .05 INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL Mixed Post-materialist values (vs materialist)

OPRCs controlled for :
- Personal characteristics
  - age, age squared, age cubed
  - gender
  - marital status
  - employmnet status
  - bad health
- Nation characteristics
  - GDP growth
  - unemployment rate
  - opinion climate
    - importance family and children
    - importance of friends
    - altruism
    - trust in people and institutions
    - importance friends
    - leisure values
    - work orientation: intrinsic, extrinsic
    - work values (work ethos, work first)
    - religious values
    - traditional gender values