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Correlational findings

Study Muffels et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2008

Public:
18+ aged general public, 47 countries, 2008
Survey name:
EU-EVS
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 67216
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Index Importance family and children
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on 2 questions:
a. Importance of family in general?
b. To what extent children are important for a succesful marriage?

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OPRC = +.12 p < .05 INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL importance of family and children

OPRC controlled for:
- Personal characteristics
  - age, age squared, age cubed
  - gender
  - marital status
  - employmnet status
  - bad health
- Nation characteristics
  - GDP growth
  - unemployment rate
  - Opinion altruism
  - average trust in peole/institutions
  - average importance friends
  - average post-materialist values: pure, mixed
  - average leisure values
  - average work orientation: intrinsic, extrinsic
  - average work values: work ethos, work first
  - average religious values
  - average traditional gender values