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Correlational findings

Study Muffels et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2008

Public:
18+ aged general public, 47 countries, 2008
Survey name:
EU-EVS
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 67216
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Opinion altruism (0-1)
Our Classification
Remarks
the observed mean is the value on a 10 point scale
Distribution
4.57
Operationalization
To what extent the respondent believe people try to be helpful or that they are mostly looking out for themselves?
0- least altruistic
1- most altruistic

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OPRC = +.13 p < .05 INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL altruism

OPRC controlled for :
- Personal characteristics
  - age, age squared, age cubed
  - gender
  - marital status
  - employmnet status
  - bad health
- nation characteristics
  - GDP growth
  - unemployment rate
  - value climate in nation
    - importance family and children
    - trust in peole/institutions
    - importance friends
    - post-materialistim
      - Pure Post-materialist
      - Mixed materialist/Post-materialist
    - leisure values
    - work orientation: intrinsic, extrinsic
    - work values (work ethos, work first)
    - religious values
    - traditional gender values