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Correlational findings

Study Muffels et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2008

Public:
18+ aged general public, 47 countries, 2008
Survey name:
EU-EVS
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 67216
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Low Income level
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self rated household income on list of 10 income cetegories
1: lowest 3 deciles
0: higher

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OPRC = -.12 p < .05 INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL low Income

OPRCs controlled for (model 7):
- Personal characteristics
  - age, age quadric, age cubed
  - sexe
  - age quadric*sex,
  - employment status
  - marital status
  - bad health
  - income
    - log household income
    - log relative income
- Nation characteristics
  - unemployment rate
  - log GDP/capita
  - income inequality (GINI)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OPRC = -.12 p < .05 OPRC additionally controlled for (model 9):
- nation characteristics
  - average support for social values
  - average support for modernization values