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Correlational findings

Study Muffels et al. (2012): study ZZ Europe 2008

Public:
18+ aged general public, 47 countries, 2008
Survey name:
EU-EVS
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 67216
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Income Inequality (GINI)
Our Classification
Remarks
GINI fugures for after tax net personal income provided by the World Bank is used.
Operationalization
GINI coefficient is calculated as the half of the mean differences in income between all individual pairs of income earners.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a SNR = - AVERAGE happiness by income inequality in 47 nations O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OPRC = -.01 p < .05 INDIVIDUAL happines by degree of income inequality in one's country

OPRC controlled for (model 5):
- individual characteristics
  - sex
  - age: in years, quadric, cubed
  - age quadric*sex
  - employment status
  - log household income
  - log relative income
  - marital status
  - bad health
- nation characteristics
  - log GDP/capita
  - unemployment rate
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OPRC = -.03 p < .05 OPRC additionally controlled for (model 14):
- personal characteristics
  - social values
  - sodernization values
  - education
  - number of children
  - death of a child event
  - religion
  - church attendence
  - social participation
- nation characteristics
  - modernity (HDI)
- cross level interactions
  - Social values*HDI
  - Modernization values*HDI
  - Social values*GINI
  - Modernization values*GINI