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Correlational findings

Study Flavin (2018): study US 1976

Public:
18+ aged, general public, , 1976 - 2006
Survey name:
US-GSS 1972-2006
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 26007
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
State spending on public goods, without education and welfare
Our Classification
Remarks
Source: US Census Bureau (2010). Historcal Finances of Staternments.
Distribution
Mean 1,25    sd 0,50 (% GSP)
Mean 10,85  sd 3,70 (% total state spending)
Operationalization
Total spending, as % of  total Gross State Product (GSP),  on goods that are generally non-rivalrous and non-excludable, for:
-libraries
-parks and recreation,
-natural resources
-highways (not toll)
-police protection.

NB: Spending on education and public welfare, e,g. poverty assistance are excluded.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-a OPRC = +.13 p < .05 Individual happiness by state spending on public goods, education and welfare excluded. (%GSP)

Weaker effect (+0.019, p<.05) if spending on public goods is expressed as % of total spending of the state.

Controls at individual level
-unemployed
-married
-female
-African American
-age and age-squared
-education
-family income
-self-reported health
-church attendance

Controls at state-level
-unemployment rate
-income inequality
-left government power
-union density
-economic growth
-violent crime rate
-% non-white
-state and year effects.