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Correlational findings

Study Graham & Nikolova (2018): study ZZ Latin America 2009

Public:
Emigrants, Latin America, Multiple nations, 2009-2016
Survey name:
INT-Gallup World Poll 2009-2016
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 180000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)
At least 80 % of the respondents were surveyed telephonically and 20% were surveyed face-to-face.

Correlate

Authors's Label
Emigrants vs. no emigrants
Our Classification
Remarks
matched stayers have no emigration intentions
Distribution
1: n = 2131
0: n = 2131
Related specification variables
Operationalization
n=1 emigrants
n=0 matched stayers

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c DM = +.32 p < .001 Male                          + 0.24 (.01)
Female                        + 0.27 (.001)

Age 34 and younger            + 0.15 (ns)
Ages 35-50                    + 0.47 (.001)
50 and older                  + 0.17 (ns)

Nation of ORIGIN:
Venezuela                     + 0.25 (ns)
Brazil                        - 0.52 (.001)
Mexico                        + 0.03 (ns)
Argentina                     - 0.30 (ns)
Bolivia                       + 0.40 (ns)
Chile                         - 0.12 (ns)
Colombia                      + 0.40 (.05)
Nicaragua                     + 1.06 (.001)
Paraguay                      + 0.68 (.01)
Peru                          + 0.69 (.001)

Nation(s) of DESTINATION:
United States                 + 0.04 (ns)
Spain                         + 0.40 (.01
Costa Rica                    + 0.92 (.001)
Argentina                     + 0.59 (.001)
Panama                        + 0.12 (ns)
Portugal                      - 0.33 (ns)
Advanced developed countries  + 0.17 (.05)
Latin America countries       + 0.48 (.001)