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Correlational findings

Study Pierewan & Tampubolon (2014a): study ZZ Europe 2004

Public:
15+ aged, general public, Europe, 2004-2010
Survey name:
EU- ESS 2004-2010
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 150000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Internet use
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: "How often do you use the internet, the world-wide-web, or e-mail - whether at home or at work - for your personal use?"
9 Every day
7 Several times a week
6 Once a week
5 Several times a month
4 Once a month
3 Less than once a month
2 Never use
1 No access at home or work

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = - ns 2004
             b        SE
Frequent    -.03(ns)  .04
Medium      -.01(ns)  .04   
Rare        -.10(ns)  .06
Never(ref.)       -
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = - ns 2006
             b         SE
Frequent    -.07(ns)  .04
Medium      -.07(ns)  .05   
Rare        -.14(ns)  .07
Never(ref.)       -
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = + p < .05 2008
             b         SE
Frequent    +.09(05)  .09
Medium      +.12(05)  .06   
Rare        +.18(05)  .08
Never(ref.)       -
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = + 2010
             b         SE
Frequent    +.10(05)  .04
Medium      +.08(ns)  .06   
Rare        +.22(05)  .10
Never(ref.)       -

b's controlled for:
individual characteristics:
- interaction unemployed*internet use
- social meeting
- social support
- trust
- health
- gender
- age
- marital status
- education
- household income
regional characteristics:
- internet density
- unemployment rate