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Correlational findings

Study Pierewan & Tampubolon (2014a): study ZZ Europe 2002

Public:
16+ aged general public, EU nations, 2004- 2010
Survey name:
EU-ESS 1-4: 2002-2010
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 100000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Gender
Our Classification
Remarks
Sign and hence association reversed by WDH-team
Distribution
               2004    2006   2008   2010
2004 and 2006:  males 46%, females 54%; 2008 and 2010: males 47%, females 53%
Operationalization
1 Male
0 Female

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a b = - p < .01         b         se
2004  -.15 (01)  0.028
2006  -.14 (01)  0.028
2008  -.15 (01)  0.026
2010  -.15 (01)  0.028

b controlled for:
- frequency internet use
- social life
  - social meeting
  - social support
  - trust
- health
- socio-demographics
  - age
  - education
  - income
  - marital status
  - employment status
- regional characteristics
  - internet density
  - unemployment rate

Similar results obtained with a logistic regression