Correlational findings

Study Rash et al. (2011): study CA 2008

Participants in a 4-week psychological training, Canada, 2008
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 65
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Physiological data were collected using a Dell Optilex GX620 computer system with Biopac physiological recording.


Authors's Label
Gratitude inducing exercises vs recalling events
Our Classification
Participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups with different intervention conditions:

A: Gratitude enhancing group.
Participants were asked to think about items, people or events for which they are particular grateful, and to try to experience and maintain the sincere heart-felt feelings of gratitude associated with that thought.

B: Memorizing events.
Participants were asked to recall memorable events and to try to experience and maintain feelings associated with the events.

Intervention period: 4-weeks; reflection exercises twice a week.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BW-m-mq-v-5-a DM = ns Mean Daily Affect Balance during intervention

A: Gratitude intervention  Mean = +1,66
B: Memorizing intervention Mean = +1,23
   - difference                   +0,43 = +5,4%
T1 General Affect Balance not reported

T2 Affect Balance computed by WDH team from separate Negative and Positive affect scores.
A-BW-m-mq-v-5-a AoC = ns