Correlational findings

Study Rash et al. (2011): study CA 2011

Participants in a 4-week psychological training, Canada, 2011
Survey name:
Unnamed study
N = 65
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper
Physiological data were collected using a Dell Optilex GX620 computer system with Biopac physiological recording.


Authors's label
Gratitude inducing exercises vs recalling events
Our Classification
Participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups with different intervention conditions:

A: Gratitude enhancing group.
Participants were asked to think about items, people or events for which they are particular grateful, and to try to experience and maintain the sincere heart-felt feelings of gratitude associated with that thought.

B: Memorizing events.
Participants were asked to recall memorable events and to try to experience and maintain feelings associated with the events.

Intervention period: 4-weeks; reflection exercises twice a week.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BW-m-mq-v-5-a DMe = +.43 ns Mean Daily Affect Balance during intervention

A: Gratitude intervention  Ma = + 1,66
B: Memorizing intervention Ma = + 1,23
   - difference                 + 0,43

T1 General Affect Balance not reported

T2 Affect Balance computed by WDH team from separate Negative and Positive affect scores.
A-BW-m-mq-v-5-a AoC = ns A-BW-m-mq-v-5-a D%sr =                                 +5,4%

assumed scale range -4 to +4