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Correlational findings

Study Lönnqvist & Itkonen (2014): study FI 2012

Public:
18+ aged, students, Finland
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 4701
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web

Correlate

Authors's Label
Perceived emotional stability of compatriots
Our Classification
Remarks
Items from the National Character Test (Terraciano 2005)
Operationalization
Perception of emotional stability of fellow countrymen reported in 6 bi-polar items:
a 'Anxious, nervous, worrying' vs. 'At ease, calm, relaxed'
b 'Even-tempered, easygoing' vs. 'Irritable, angry, touchy'
c 'Depressed, sad, pessimistic' vs. 'Contented, optimistic'
d 'Poised, comfortable with others' vs. 'self-conscious, awkward, timid'
e 'Impulsive, yielding to temptation' vs. 'Controlled, self-restrained'
f Resilient, copes well with crises' vs. 'Vulnerable, fragile, helpless'
5-point ratings thwards one or the other end of the scale.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a Beta = +.49 p < .001 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = +.45 p < .001 Beta's controlled for:
- age
- gender
- number of Facebook friends
- extraversion
- openness to experience
- agreeableness
- conscientiousness