Correlational findings

Study Proctor et al. (2011a): study GB 2009

Adolescents, participants in a strengt training and controls, UK, 2009
Survey name
Unnamed study
N =
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
completed in class


Authors's Label
Character strengths-based intervention
Our Classification
The programm consists of 24 lessons, 1 lesson a week.
1: 12 classes, n = 228, 0: 9 classes, n = 101
Related specification variables
Schoolclasses were randomly assigned to

1:  INTERVENTION: The aim of the program is to encourage students to build their strengths, learn new strengths, and to recognize strengths in others. The included activities for students are called Strengths Builders and Strengths Challenges. For each lesson, there is a definition of the character strength being focused on and two Strengths Builders exercises for students to choose from and a Strengths Challenge as follow-up activity.

0:  COMPARISON: Students attented their normal Personal, Social, and Health Education class (Channel Islands) or their normal morning tutor period without the inclusion of the Strenghts Gym activities

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BW-cw-mq-v-5-b DM = + ns All        Happiness LEVEL     Happiness CHANGE
               T0      T1         T1-T0
Intervention   1,64   1,72        +0,08
Comparison     1,55   1,48        -0,07
- difference                      +0,15

Males      Happiness LEVEL     Happiness CHANGE
               T0      T1         T1-T0
Intervention   1,82   1,83        +0,01
Comparison     1,86   1,83        -0,03
- difference                      +0,04

Females     Happiness LEVEL    Happiness CHANGE
               T0      T1         T1-T0
Intervention   1,49   1,63        +0,24
Comparison     1,26   1,15        -0,11
- difference                      +0,35

T0 = baseline
T1 = post experiment
A-BW-cw-mq-v-5-b D%sr = + ns Happiness Change Intervention vs Comparison

All:    + 1,7%
Male:   + 0,4%
Female  + 3,9