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Correlational findings

Study Tsurumi et al. (2018): study JP Tokyo 2014

Public:
20-83 aged, general public, Tokyo, Japan, 2014
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2758
Non Response:
38%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web

Correlate

Authors's label
Proximity to greenery
Our Classification
Remarks
Author refers to 'distance from nearest greenery', but the reported b's reflect 'proximity'
Distribution
1: M = 12% SD = 0.11
2: M =15%, SD = 0.09
3: M =16%, SD = 0.09
4: M =15 %, SD = 0.08
Operationalization
Proximity to nearest greenery in:
a residential area
b roadsides
c commercial areas
d industrial area
e farmland
f  forests and wilderness
g waterfronts, parks
h public faciities
I  railroads.
Distances:
4 0-100 m
3 100-500 m
2 500-1000 m
1 1000-1500 m

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cc b = +.08 p < .05 none Distance 0-100 m O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cc Beta = +.01 none Beta (+.004) computed by WDH O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cc b = +.07 p < .10 none Distance 100-500 m O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cc Beta = +.00 none Beta (+.004) computed by WDH team O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cc b = +.11 p < .10 none Distance 500-1000 m O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cc Beta = +.00 none Beta (+.004) computed by WDH team O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cc b = +.12 p < .10 none Distance 1000-1500 m O-SLW-u-sq-n-11-cc Beta = +.00 none Beta (+.004) computed by WDH team O-HL-g-sq-n-11-b b = +.11 p < .05 none Distance 0-100 m O-HL-g-sq-n-11-b Beta = +.00 none Beta (+.005) computed by WDH team O-HL-g-sq-n-11-b b = +.13 p < .05 none Distance 100-500 m O-HL-g-sq-n-11-b Beta = +.00 none Beta (+.005) computed by WDH team O-HL-g-sq-n-11-b b = +.12 p < .05 none Distance 500-1000 m O-HL-g-sq-n-11-b Beta = +.00 none Beta (+.005) computed by WDH team O-HL-g-sq-n-11-b b = +.11 p < .05 none Distance 1000-1500 m O-HL-g-sq-n-11-b Beta = +.00 none Beta (+.004) computed by WDH team C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = +.08 p < .01 none Distance 0-100 m C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c Beta = +.00 none Beta (+.004) computed by WDH team C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = +.07 p < .01 none Distance 100-500 m C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c Beta = +.00 none Beta (+.003) computed by WDH team C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = +.05 ns none Distance 500-1000 m C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c Beta = +.00 none Beta (+.002) computed by WDH team C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c b = +.04 ns none Distance 1000-1500 m C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c Beta = +.00 none Beta (+.001) computed by WDH team A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-a b = +.26 ns none Distance 0-100 m A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-a Beta = +.02 none Beta (+.024) computed by WDH team A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-a b = +.58 p < .01 none Distance 100-500 m A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-a Beta = +.04 none Beta (+.044) computed by WDH team A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-a b = +.52 p < .01 none Distance 500-1000 m A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-a Beta = +.04 none Beta (+.040) computed by WDH team A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-a b = +.42 p < .10 none Distance 1000-1500 m A-AB-yd-mq-v-3-a Beta = +.03 none Beta (+.029) computed by WDH team

b's controlled for:
- age and age squared
- gender (male)
- chronic illness
- marital status
- extraversion
- agreeableness
- neuroticism
- conscientiousness
- openness to experience
- household income (log)
- employment status
- floorspace per person
- education
- number of people who can be relied upon
- community participation
- participation in elections
- experience of crime
- satisfaction with accessibility
- lifelong learning

Ordered probit analysis results in a similar pattern

Remarkable: Separate analysis for each type of greenery shows that the highest positive b's are for industrial areas, roadsides and commercial areas, while the b's for greenery along waterfronts are negatively associated with happiness. Correlations with proximity to greenery in residential areas are marginally positive.