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Correlational findings

Study Crost (2016): study DE 1992

Public:
18-65 aged, general public, Germany, followed 12 years 1992-2004
Survey name:
DE-SOEP combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 6442
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Workfare
Our Classification
Operationalization
1 Ever in workfare
0 Never in workfare

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d DM = - p < .001 Ever in workfare     M=5.93
Never in workfare    M=6.89
- difference          -0.96
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta-f = +.42 p < .01 Workfare employment can offset about 60% of the negative effect of unemployment.

Robustness test for non-parallel time-trends did not effect beta-fix significantly
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta-f = +.40 p < .01 Beta-fix controlled for:
- number of adults in household
- number of children in household
- lives with partner
- education
- household income (log)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta-f = +.48 p < .01 Beta-fix controlled for:
- individual specific linear time-trends
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta-f = +.48 p < .01 Beta-fix additionally controlled for:
- number of adults in household
- number of children in household
- lives with partner
- education
- household income (log)
- individual specific linear time-trends
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta-f = +.51 p < .01 Beta-fix additionally controlled for:
- duration of unemployment
no extra control variables
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta-f = +.49 p < .01 Beta-fix additionally controlled for:
- duration of unemployment
with extra control variables
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta-f = +.61 p < .01 Beta-fix additionally controlled for:
- duration of unemployment
- state by year fixed effects
no extra control variables
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta-f = +.59 p < .01 Beta-fix additionally controlled for:
- duration of unemployment
- state by year fixed effects
with extra control variables
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta-f = +.66 p < .01 Beta-fix additionally controlled for:
- duration of unemployment
- state by year fixed effects
- lagged labor force status
no extra control variables
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d Beta-f = +.64 p < .01 Beta-fix additionally controlled for:
- duration of unemployment
- state by year fixed effects
- lagged labor force status
with extra control variables