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Correlational findings

Study Welsch (2006): study ZZ EU 10 1990

Public:
15+ aged, general public 10 EU nations 1990-1997
Survey name:
EU-Eurobarometer combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 240000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Current air pollution in nation
Our Classification
Operationalization
Micro grams per cubic meter of:
A : Nitrogen dioxide concentration
B: Suspended particulate concentration
C: Lead

Assessed per country per year

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b r = +/- AVRAGE happiness by air-pollution in 10 nations
A: Nitrogen   r = -.55
B: Particles  r = +.19
C: Lead       r = -.65
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = - log AVERAGE happiness by log air-pollution in 10 nations
A: Nitrogen   b = -.04
B: Particles  b = -.03
C: Lead       b = -.01

b's controled for:
- country
- year
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +/- A: Nitrogen   b = -.09
B: Particles  b = +.03
C: Lead       b = -.02

b's additionnally controled for:
- national income
- other pollutants